The content of the declaration of Martial Law should include the circumstances that justify the declaration, the justification for the need to declare martial law, the borders of a territory where martial law is declared, forces and means of ensuring the legal regime of martial law, the period of martial law, the date of entry into force of martial law, measures of civil protections and the list of additional commitments that should be done by the citizens of RA and foreign countries, stateless persons and organizations. He can also announce general or partial mobilization and establish procedures for military service during the validity period of martial law. If the President of the Republic is not elected, a new election is appointed and the voting is held on the fortieth day following the date of appointment of the new election. À l’Est, le conflit gelé avec l’Azerbaïdjan autour de la question du Haut-Karabakh, une région séparatiste qui s’est autoproclamée indépendante en 1991, menace de se réchauffer à tout moment. The election of the President of the Republic is held fifty days prior to the expiration of his/her term of office according to the procedure defined by the Constitution and the law. The president appoints two legal scholars as members of the Council of Justice. On April 4, 2007, Serzh Sargsyan was appointed as the Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia. After the organization was dissolved, he founded and headed the Miatsum [Unification] organization. From July 2006 to November 2007, he was the Chairman of the Party Council. Armen Sarkissian a été élu président de l’Arménie par les députés arméniens, vendredi 2 mars 2018. Armen Vardani Sarkissian (born 23 June 1952) is an Armenian politician currently the incumbent President of Armenia. Sarkissian assumed the presidency on 9 April 2018. Under Armenia's parliamentary system, the President is simply a figurehead and holds ceremonial duties, with most of the political power vested in the Parliament and Prime Minister. Serzh Sargsyan has two daughters — Anush and Satenik, and one granddaughter — Mariam. In January 2018, he received Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan’s offer to be the ruling Republican Party’s nominee in the country’s first presidential election since the 2015 constitutional reforms. Armenia lies in the highlands surrounding the mountains of Ararat. Sarkissian graduated from the Yerevan State University Department of Theoretical Physics and Mathematics. Upon the recommendation of Prime Minister The President of the Republic can appoint and dismiss from office the members of the Government. Direct management of the Armed Forces is realized by the minister of defense of the Republic of Armenia, which organizes and controls the activities of the Armed Forces and other agencies and organizations within the system of the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Armenia. Governmental sessions on issues connected to external policy and national security are also initiated by the president. In the case of an armed attack on the Republic of Armenia, in the presence of his immediate threat or a declaration of war declares martial law, the president decides on the use of the armed forces and can declare general or partial mobilization. The President manages the process to ensure the legal regime of martial law. If the election involves more than two candidates and none of them receives the required number of votes, a second round of election is held on the fourteenth day following the voting. In 1990, Serzh Sargsyan was elected as a deputy to the Supreme Council of Armenia. He is the one who recommends to the National Assembly the candidacy of the Prosecutor General, the Chairman of the Central Bank and the Chairman of Control Chamber. Levon Ter-Petrosyan won the majority of the votes and became the first president of independent Armenia. The President's powers are suspended if he/she resigns, dies, is incapable to perform his/her duties or is removed from the office. He was an Honorary Senior Research Fellow at the School of Mathematical Sciences at Queen Mary and Westfield College (now Queen Mary University of London). One of the unique powers given to the president of the republic by the Constitution is the power to declare a martial law. He was a member of the Krunk organization. Recognised by at least one United Nations member. The general management of the armed forces is implemented by the President of Republic of Armenia as the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces. The members of the Council of the Central Bank are also appointed by the president. The Government is formed within 20 days after the appointment of the Prime Minister. In 1991, Kocharian was elected a deputy of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic’s Supreme Soviet of the first convocation. The president forms his/her staff according to the procedures defined by the law. L’actuel chef de l’État, Serge Sarkissian, devrait conserver le pouvoir en tant que premier ministre. [19], The President of Armenia grants the following awards. In case if the insuperable obstacles are not removed, new elections should be held upon end of the two-week term, on the fortieth day. Upon the recommendation of the Prosecutor General he appoints and/or dismisses the deputies of the Prosecutor General. On March 20, 1997, Robert Kocharian was appointed to the post of Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia. His remuneration, servicing and security are also prescribed by the law. President of the republic plays a significant role in the formation of different independent agencies. The president of the Republic of Armenia appoints 4 members of the Constitutional Court and, if the National Assembly fails to appoint the President of the Constitutional Court in the period prescribed in Article 83 Clause 1 of the Constitution,[13] appoints the President of the Constitutional Court from among the members of the Constitutional Court. The President of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի Նախագահ, Hayastani Nakhagah) is the head of state and the guarantor of independence and territorial integrity of Armenia elected to a single seven year term by the National Assembly of Armenia. On the basis of RA Supreme Council's decision of June 25, 1991, the elections of the President of the Republic of Armenia were scheduled to be held on Wednesday, October 16, 1991. According to the Article 60 of the Constitution of Armenia, in case when the office of the President of the Republic is vacant and before the newly elected President assumes the office, the Chairman of the National Assembly, or, if it is impossible, Prime Minister performs the duties of the president. The President may be impeached for treason or other grave crimes. Serzh Sargsyan has been conferred the Hero of Artsakh title, the Republic of Armenia “Battle Cross” highest award, “Tigran Mets” and “Golden Eagle” medals, and other state awards. Armen Sarkissian a été élu président de l’Arménie par les députés, vendredi 2 mars. [20], Election process until constitutional changes in 2015, Powers of the President of the Republic of Armenia in the field of defense, Management and control of the armed forces, Content of the President's decree declaring martial law, Presidential powers on ensuring the legal regime of martial law, Honour Guard Battalion of the Ministry of Defense, The History of the Residence of the President of Armenia, "I believe the 21st century will be Armenia's age. He was a member of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia and the National Competitiveness Council of Armenia. After the recommendations and objections of the president are considered, he should, within five days, sign and promulgate the law readopted by the National Assembly. The president resolves issues related to granting citizenship of the Republic of Armenia and political asylum. The president decides the participation of Armed Forces in peacekeeping or military operations outside the territory of the Republic of Armenia in accordance with international treaties of the Republic of Armenia. « Ce qui se passe en Arménie à la faveur de ce changement de Constitution ressemble beaucoup à ce qui s’est passé en Russie avec l’alternative Medvedev – Poutine », continue Ara Toranian. The President of Republic may also dissolve the National Assembly upon the recommendation of the Chairman of the National Assembly or the Prime Minister in the following cases: President of the Republic also has the power to: According to the Law on Legal acts,[12] the President of the Republic of Armenia may adopt only regulatory or individual decrees or executive orders. The management of the Armed Forces is exercised by the Chief of the General Staff, which is the highest military officer of the Armed Forces.[14]. Une fonction devenue honorifique depuis que ce petit pays du Caucase est devenu un régime parlementaire. Robert Kocharyan followed him in the office until 2008. In 1979, he graduated from the Philological Department of Yerevan State University. The President is the one to ensure the regular functioning of the Executive, Legislative and Judicial powers of the Republic of Armenia. The President of the Republic signs and promulgates the laws passed by the National Assembly. From 1979 to 1988, Serzh Sargsyan was first a Division Head at the Stepanakert City Communist Party Youth Association Committee, then—second secretary, first secretary, the Stepanakert City Committee Propaganda Division Head, the Nagorno-Karabakh Regional Committee Communist Organizations’ Unit Instructor, and Assistant to Genrikh Poghosyan, the First Secretary of the Nagorno-Karabakh Regional Committee. The president may cancel the action of governmental decision for one month and apply to Constitutional Court to deal with the problem. Armen Sarkissian", "How much salary does the Prime Minister get? [18] This was the first time in Armenia's history when the president was elected by the National Assembly instead of popular vote. The President of the Republic should deliver addresses to the people and the National assembly. PlanetRulers - Current Heads of State & Dictators. Having started as a turner, he was later promoted to the post of mechanical engineer. On December 24, 1994, Robert Kocharian was elected President of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic by the decision of the NKR Supreme Soviet. In November 2007, Serzh Sargsyan was elected as the RPA Chairman. The president of the republic strives to uphold the constitution, and to ensure the regular functioning of the executive and judicial powers. In November 1998, he once again became President of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic by a popular vote. The candidate who has received more than half of the votes is elected President of the Republic. From 2000 to 2007, he was the Republic of Armenia Minister of Defense. The procedure for the organization of operations of the Government and other public administration bodies under the Government are defined by the decree of the president. If the Constitutional Court concludes that there are no grounds for impeaching the President of the Republic the impeachment is removed from the agenda of the National Assembly. Not recognised by any United Nations members. plans for the development of the Armed Forces of the other troops, the use of the armed forces, the deployment of the Armed Forces, mobilization plans of the Armed Forces, the Republican plan for civil defense, defence plan for operational equipment in the Republic of Armenia, the state program of development of the. He later became a visiting research fellow and eventually a professor at the University of Cambridge. A. The strong will to mobilize all forces and to liberate Artsakh made it possible to shift the course of the military action within a short period of time. In 1999, he was the Republic of Armenia Minister of National Security. Put a veto on the decision of the National Assembly to adopt a law; Initiate the amendment of the constitution. Serzh Sargsyan started his career in 1975 at the Electrical Devices Factory, where he worked as a metal turner until 1979. He served as Prime Minister of Armenia from 4 November 1996 to 20 March 1997 and previously was the country’s ambassador in London. President Serzh Sargsyan was elected in February 2008 and reelected in February 2013 for the second term until 2018. He was a Member of the Global Leadership Foundation, an organization which works to support democratic leadership, prevent and resolve conflict through mediation and promote good governance in the form of democratic institutions, open markets, human rights and the rule of law. From February 1988, Kocharian was one of the political leaders of the Karabakh movement. Depuis la réforme constitutionnelle adoptée en 2015, l’Arménie, pays de près de 3 millions d’habitants, est passé d’un régime présidentiel à celui de parlementaire. Armenië is een van de oudste landen ter wereld en omvatte een veel groter gebied dan nu. Une fonction devenue honorifique depuis que ce petit pays du Caucase est devenu un régime parlementaire. L'Arménie dispose d'un régime parlementaire depuis 2018. Armen Sarkissian was also one of the directors of Eurasia House and Vice Chairman of the EastWest Institute. From 1993 to 1995, he was the Minister of Defense of the Republic of Armenia. 174 N of 2007 on the Procedures of the organization of operations of the Government and other administration bodies", "Chapter 4, Article 74.1 of the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia", "Law of the Republic of Armenia on Legal Acts", "Chapter 3, Article 83 of the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia", "Law on Defense of the Republic of Armenia", "Изменены часы свободного входа и выхода граждан на территорию резиденции президента Армении", Пресс-секретарем президента Армении назначен Владимир Акопян, "Armen Sarkisian (No Relation) Elected Next Armenian President", "RIAC report: Armenia and Azerbaijani 2018 presidential elections to renew contradictions on Karabakh", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=President_of_Armenia&oldid=980722510, Articles containing Armenian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Alors qu’Armen Sarkissian fait figure d’ancien diplomate au profil international, Serge Sarkissian est issu d’une carrière militaire, un atout dans un pays où la sécurité fait figure de priorité. On June 21, 1991, RA Supreme Council made a decision which determined that an election based on the common and equal electoral rights of the citizens of RA would take place before December 31 of 1991. The President of the Republic takes office on the day when the term of office of the previous President expires. On March 30, 1998, Robert Kocharian was elected President of the Republic of Armenia in early presidential elections. He may, on the basis of a conclusion of the Constitutional Court terminate the powers of any of his/her appointees in the Constitutional Court or give his consent to involve the member as an accused, detain him/her, authorize to institute a court proceeding to subject him/her to administrative liability. The president has the power to dissolve National Assembly[11] and hold extraordinary elections if the National Assembly does not give an approval to the program of the Government two times in succession within two months. Armen Vardani Sarkissian (born 23 June 1952) is an Armenian politician currently the incumbent President of Armenia. Serzh Sargsyan is a member of the Republican Party of Armenia since 2006. She is a music teacher by profession. Partially or entirely in Asia, depending on geographical definition. He occupied various posts in Nagorno Karabakh’s youth communist and communist organs from 1980s. There is evidence of an early civilisation in Armenia in the Bronze Age and earlier, dating to about 4000 BC. He also appoints the Council of Control chamber upon the recommendation of the Chairman of Control chamber. Every person having attained the age of thirty-five, having been a citizen of the Republic of Armenia for the preceding ten years, having permanently resided in the Republic for the preceding ten years, and having the right to vote is eligible to be elected as President of the Republic. ", http://www.president.am/en/constitution-2015/, "The Decision of the Supreme Council of Armenian SSR upon the foundation of the post of the President of Armenia", "Chapter 3, Article 52 of the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia", "Chapter 3, Article 54 of the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia", "Chapter 3 of the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia", "Law of the Republic of Armenia on the President", "Presidential Order No. Élu avec 90 votes sur 105 au parlement, cet ancien premier ministre est resté une figure respectée en Arménie, malgré de longues années passées à Londres. The president is the one who awards the orders and medals of the Republic of Armenia, promotes to highest military ranks and awards honorary titles. This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 02:15. 3. Serzh Sargsyan was married in 1983. He is married and has three children. Upon the recommendation of the Council of Justice, the president appoints the presidents and the judges of the Court of Cassation and its chambers, the Court of Appeal, First Instance Court and specialized courts. The President of the Republic is the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces of the republic, who coordinates the operations of the government bodies in the area of defense, appoints and dismisses from office the highest commander of the armed forces and other troops. Simultaneously with or after the declaration of martial law, the President can declare general or partial mobilization, as well as a decision to use the armed forces of the Republic of Armenia. From 1976 to 1984, he was a professor of Physics at Yerevan State University and subsequently Head of the Department of Computer Modeling of Complex Systems at the same university’s Department of Theoretical Physics. He served as Prime Minister of Armenia from 4 November 1996 to 20 March 1997 and previously was the country’s ambassador in London. If Constitutional Court concludes that there are reasons for the incapacity of the President of the Republic to discharge his/her responsibilities, the Government cannot apply to the National Assembly with such an issue. The elections of the president are held according to the procedures defined by the Constitution and the law. From 1996 to 1999, he was the Republic of Armenia Minister of Interior and National Security. In the second round the candidate who receives the highest number of votes is elected President of the Republic. The resolution to remove the President of the Republic from office is passed by the National Assembly by a two-thirds majority vote of the total number of deputies, based on the conclusion of the Constitutional Court. Armen Sarkissian a été élu président de l’Arménie par les députés, vendredi 2 mars. The first presidential election was held on 17 October 1991. 22 09, 2020 On the occasion of Independence Day President Armen Sarkissian received congratulations from Queen Elizabeth II On the occasion of Armenia’s Independence Day, President Armen Sarkissian received a congratulatory message from the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Her Majesty Elizabeth II. He held many honorary and executive positions in a number of international organizations including Member of Dean’s Advisory Board at Kennedy School of Governance at Harvard University, Dean’s Advisory Board at Harris School of Public Policy Studies at University of Chicago, Board member of International Research & Exchanges Board (IREX), the International Economic Alliance and Global Leadership Foundation. Sarkissian graduated from the Yerevan State University Department of Theoretical Physics and Mathematics. Certains membres de l’opposition accusent le président Serge Sarkissian d’avoir modifié la Constitution dans l’unique but de rester au pouvoir. When the first sitting of the newly elected National Assembly is held, When the President of the Republic assumes his/her office, When the National Assembly expresses no confidence in the Government. Within the period of twenty-one days he may remand the law passed by the National Assembly and return it in form of a letter, where he notes his objections and recommendations and requests new deliberations on the issue. Armen Sarkissian est issu du Parti républicain d’Arménie (HHK), parti majoritaire au parlement plutôt à droite dans le paysage politique. Armenië was vroeger een koninkrijk en was op zijn grootst onder koning Tigran de Grote (95 v.Chr.-66 v.Chr). After serving as Armenian Prime Minister between 1996 and 1997, he was appointed as Special Advisor to the President of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and as a Governor of EBRD from 1993 to 2000. Un changement de statut qui place le pouvoir réel entre les mains du premier ministre et confère donc au président un rôle protocolaire. Hij stichtte de stad Tigranocerta als hoofdstad van zijn rijk. In accordance with “Legal Regime of Martial Law” law, the President establishes the legal regime of martial law, providing for temporary measures and restrictions, the legal regime of martial law ensuring bodies and powers authorities, as well as ensures the implementation of measures and temporary restrictions on control of the legal regime of martial law. He was reelected in 1996, however, he did not finish his second term as president and resigned in 1998. He w… [3] Under Armenia's parliamentary system, the President is simply a figurehead and holds ceremonial duties, with most of the political power vested in the Parliament and Prime Minister. Robert Kocharian was born on August 31, 1954, in Stepanakert. “During its independence, Armenia has achieved considerable success in different areas of social and political life. 2. The same person cannot be elected for the post of the President of the Republic for more than two consecutive terms.