However, while the rule of Antoninus Pius had seen years of peace and economic stability, the reign of Marcus and Lucius experienced almost constant warfare in the north and east as well as a devastating plague that swept through the entire empire. Under Antoninus, trade and commerce had flourished, and his strict control of finances allowed for a state surplus by the time of his death. Verus hieß zuerst wie sein Vater Lucius Ceionius Commodus, stammte also aus dem Geschlecht der Ceionier. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Lucius-Verus, Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors - Biography of Lucius Verus. Verus, 18 years her senior, became her husband three years later in Ephesus in 164. Lucius was the son of a senator, Lucius Ceionius Commodus, whom the emperor Hadrian adopted as his successor under the name Lucius Aelius Caesar. Marcus was succeeded by his son Commodus, who had been made co-emperor in 177. Problems northward along the Danube River drew the attention of Marcus and Lucius after the offensive in the east ended; preparations were made to move towards Germania in 167 CE. Died. Marcus became, in official titulature, Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus; Lucius, forgoing his name Commodus and taking Marcus's family name Verus, became Imperator Caesar Lucius Aurelius Verus Augustus. They took up winter quarters at Aquileia. Despite his limited involvement in the war, Lucius was hailed with a triumph (the first since Trajan) upon his return to Rome in October 166 CE, a triumph he would share with his brother. The future emperor Lucius Ceionius Commodus was born in 130 CE and raised in Rome, the eldest son of the one-time consul Lucius Aelius Caesar. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Occupation: Consul in 106 HM George I's 37-Great Grandfather. Lucius Verus was born on December 15, 130 CE in Altinum as Lucius Commodus, eventually taking the names Lucius Ceionius Commodus Verus. Thankfully, the Roman generals were more than capable, eventually opposing and defeating the Parthians. His was the adopted son of an adopted son, the son of one of the better emperors, Antoninus Pius. In his place, the emperor opted to adopt his second choice for an heir, Aurelius Antoninus Pius, also known as Antoninus the Dutiful. Although it would take him nine months to get there, Lucius was sent eastward in command of the Roman forces. When he finally arrived, Lucius spent much of his time at a resort outside Antioch. Lucius Verus (co- EMPEROR) Born: ? At the same time, Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus were fighting a Parthian war in Syria. Born Lucius Ceionius Commodus, with the same name as his father, he became Lucius Aelius Commodus when the latter was adopted by Hadrian, since both father and son had to change their names accordingly. Lucius Ceionius Commodus Verus Armeniacus (n.15 decembrie 130, Roma - d. 169), cunoscut simplu ca Lucius Verus, a fost un împărat roman împreună cu Marcus Aurelius, între 161 și 169.A murit de ciumă în 169, în timpul războiului cu marcomanii, pe Dunăre.. Biografie. He was a member of the Nerva-Antonine dynasty. Lucius Verus, in full Lucius Aurelius Verus, also called (136–161 ce) Lucius Ceionius Aelius Aurelius Commodus Antoninus, original name Lucius Ceionius Commodus, (born Dec. 15, 130—died 169), Roman emperor jointly (161–169) with Marcus Aurelius. Cite This Work Marcus became, in official titulature, Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus; Lucius, forgoing his name Commodus and taking Marcus's family name, Verus, became Imperator Caesar Lucius Aurelius Verus Augustus. While his name is almost completely lost to history, having demonstrated little in military acumen, he is best known for simply falling victim to the plague. Coins for this issuer were issued from 161 until 169. Web. As the plague spread among the army, they decided it was best to return to Rome and set out for the city in 169 CE; however, at Altinum, Lucius became ill, suffered a stroke and died as a supposed victim of the plague. The Emperors of Rome: The Story of Imperial Rome from Julius Caesar... Lucius Verus and the Roman Defence of the East. The plague would claim ten percent (some claim 30 percent) of the empire's population. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Check out this biography to know about his life. His body was returned to Rome where he was buried in Hadrian's mausoleum alongside Antoninus Pius, later to be deified. Since the childless Emperor Hadrian (117 CE – 138 CE) was without either a successor or heir, he chose, against the wishes of many, the 35-year-old Aelius to be his adopted son in 136 CE. HRE Ferdinand I's 34-Great Grandfather. Marcus' death brought an end to the Roman peace, for he was the last of what history calls the Five Good Emperors – Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Lucius Aurelius Verus (15 December 130 – 23 January 169) was Roman emperor from 161 until his death in 169, alongside his adoptive brother Marcus Aurelius. Omissions? Marcus first ruled jointly with his adoptive brother, Lucius Verus.They shared the throne until Lucius' death in 169. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Updates? Lucius Verus: emperor of the Roman world (161-169, co-ruler of Marcus Aurelius ). In the final years of the Pax Romana, a period of almost two centuries of relative peace and stability following the rule of Augustus, a young Stoic philosopher, Marcus Aurelius, came to the throne in 161 CE, and for the first time in the empire's short history he chose to have someone rule at his side; his adopted brother Lucius Verus. Antoninus Pius halálát követően Marcus Aurelius Lucius (Aurelius) Verus néven császártársává tette, Augustusszá nyilvánították és tribunusi hatalmat kapott. In the spring of 168 war broke out in the Danubian border when the Marcomanni invaded the Roman territory. Written by Donald L. Wasson, published on 28 November 2016 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. deified. When Roman... Commodus was Roman emperor from 180 to 192 CE. (207). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Marble head of the co-emperor Lucius Verus, Roman. Lacking the calm nature and diplomatic skill of Antoninus Pius, the two new emperors became embroiled in the Parthian War. He was born in 130 AD and at age 7 was adopted along with Marcus Aurelius as a son and heir of the Emperor Hadrian. Marcus wisely divorced his first wife and married Faustina the Younger, the daughter of Antoninus, while Lucius married Marcus' daughter Annia Aurelius Galeria Lucilla at Ephesus in 164 CE. Roman Emperor Marcus Aureliusby Bibi Saint-Pol (Public Domain). While he participated, albeit in name only, in the Parthian conflict, his eight years of rule brought him little glory. The Correspondence of Marcus Cornelius Fronto With Marcus Aurelius Antoninus... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Lucius Aurelius Verus Augustus Verus was born on month day 130, at birth place, to Lucius Ceionius Commodus (from birth until adoption by Hadrian) Lucius Aelius Caesar Commodus. Lucius Verus, in full Lucius Aurelius Verus, also called (136–161 ce) Lucius Ceionius Aelius Aurelius Commodus Antoninus, original name Lucius Ceionius Commodus, (born Dec. 15, 130—died 169), Roman emperor jointly (161–169) with Marcus Aurelius. This war would last until 180, but Verus did not see the end of it. Almost immediately upon assuming the throne, trouble – a dilemma their adopted father had been able to avoid – was brewing in the east. Désespéré de ce décès prématuré, Hadrien adopta alors Antonin le Pieux, ordonnant à son nouveau fils adoptif et successeur d’adopter à son tour le fils de son cher Ælius … Lucius was born on January 13 101. Donald has taught Ancient, Medieval and U.S. History at Lincoln College (Normal, Illinois)and has always been and will always be a student of history, ever since learning about Alexander the Great. (Vol. Thank you! 169. After the death of Antoninus Pius in 161 AD Marcus Aurelius became Emperor, but he named Verus as his co-ruler, giving him command of the armies. Triumph of Marcus Aureliusby Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA). The reign of Lucius Verus became lost within his brother's time on the throne. Books World History Encyclopedia, 28 Nov 2016. After Lucius' abrupt death in 169 CE, she would marry the military commander Tiberius Claudius Pompeianus. The senate accepted, granting Lucius the imperium, the tribunician power, and the name Augustus. In 164 he married Marcus’s daughter, Annia Aurelia Galeria Lucilla, with whom he had several children. Lucius Verus ( Lucius Aurelius Verus Augustus; 15 December 130 – 23 January 169 AD) was the co-emperor of Rome with his adoptive brother Marcus Aurelius from 161 until his own death in 169. The Roman physician Galen (129-199 CE) described its symptoms as diarrhea, high fever, and pustules on the skin. World History Encyclopedia. Unfortunately, however, Aelius died of tuberculosis suddenly in January of 138 CE. Lucius Verus was Marcus Aurelius' adopted brother and co-emperor, a man whose time on the throne is overshadowed by the reign of the last of the Five Good Emperors. Wasson, D. L. (2016, November 28). … while legions were being slaughtered, while Syria meditated revolt, and the East was being devastated, Verus was hunting in Apulia, travelling about through Athens and Corinth accompanied by orchestras and singers. Reign. Lucius Aurelius Verus ( 15. prosince 130 – leden nebo únor 169 ), rodným jménem Lucius Ceionius Commodus, běžně známý jako Lucius Verus, byl od roku 161 až do své smrti římským císařem a spoluvládcem Marka Aurelia . The war began over the control of Armenia, a territory that Emperor Trajan had named a Roman protectorate or client-state. Died: aft. At this marriage, she received her title of Augusta and became a Roman Empress. World History Encyclopedia. The Parthian king Vologases IV (148-192 CE) expelled the Roman governor and placed a man named Pacorus on the throne. The plague would spread throughout Asia Minor, Greece, and into Italy, eventually making its way northward to the Rhine. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Lucius_Verus/. It was the first time that Rome was ruled by two emperors. February 169 CE. Poss. Il devient le fils adoptif et héritier de l'empereur Hadrien, mais il décède quelques mois avant l'empereur. December 15, 130 CE. Lucius Aelius, souvent connu comme Lucius Aelius VerusN 1, né le 13 janvier 101 sous le nom de Lucius Ceionius Commodus, et mort le 1er janvier 138 comme étant Lucius Aelius Caesar, est un sénateur romain. Imperator Caesar Lucius Aurelius Verus Augustus. Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus AD121 ~ AD180. Grab a copy of our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus born in 121. The authors of the Historia Augusta wrote: Sign up for our free weekly email newsletter! Bust of Lucius Verus. He was born in AD 130, and Antoninus Pius favoured Marcus Aurelius to Lucius. Reece Period attributed: Period 8. In addition, he and his brother (who had no involvement in the war) were given the additional titles of Armeniacus, Parthicus, and Medicus. Lúcio Vero (em latim Lucius Verus) foi co-imperador, com Marco Aurélio, do Império Romano como Augusto, até 169, data da sua morte de peste durante uma campanha contra os partas.. Vero era filho de Lúcio Élio César (ou Lúcio Cômodo ), homem muito próximo ao imperador Adriano e sua primeira escolha como sucessor, através da esposa Avídia. The relatively young Lucius would henceforth become known as Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus; he would later drop Commodus and add Verus after ascending to the throne. Though he enjoyed equal constitutional status and powers, he did not have equal authority, nor did he seem capable of bearing his share of the … Although Commodus considered his reign a Roman golden age, his lack of concern for political matters together with his life of leisure and extreme paranoia brought about what others might consider a reign of terror. Antoninus Pius was Roman emperor from 138 to 161 CE. The commander Statius Priscus invaded Armenia, capturing and destroying the capital city of Artaxata while the new governor of Syria, Gaius Avidius Cassius, and commander Publius Verus moved further eastward into Mesopotamia, conquering the cities of Odessa, Nisibis, and Nicephorium. IX, 3). Il porte alors le nom et les surnoms de Imperator Caesar Lucius Aurelius Verus Augustus Armeniacus Parthicus Maximus Medicus. by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin (CC BY-NC-SA), The Antonine plague would spread throughout. Many years later, it would be blamed for a partial weakening of the empire. Poss. He celebrated a triumph jointly with Marcus in October 166 and assumed the names Armeniacus, Parthicus, and Medicus (as conqueror of the Armenians, Parthians, and Medes). Als im Jahr 136 sein Vater von Hadrian adoptiert und als Nachfolger designiert wurde, erhielt Verus den Namen Lucius Aelius Commodus. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. It was later believed to have been smallpox. Wasson, Donald L. "Lucius Verus." Aelius was immediately dispatched to the Roman province of Pannonia (located to the north along the Danube) to serve as governor. Lucius Verus. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Lucius Verus was Roman emperor from 161 to 169 CE. Lucius Verus. Lucius Aurelius Verus, né à Rome le 15 décembre 130 sous le nom de Lucius Ceionius Commodus, adopté en 138 par Antonin le Pieux sous le nom de Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus, est coempereur romain avec Marc Aurèle du 8 mars 161 à janvier 169, date de sa mort à Altinum en Vénétie. by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin (CC BY-NC-SA) Lucius Verus was Roman emperor from 161 to 169 CE. … Lucius, on the other hand, was a vigorous man of younger years and better suited for military enterprises, Therefore, Marcus made him his son-in-law by marrying him to his daughter Lucilla and sent him to conduct the war against the Parthians. Lucius Verus (Lucius Ceionius Commodus, 15 December 130 – 169) was Roman co-emperor with Marcus Aurelius (121–180), from 161 until his death. World History Encyclopedia. Verus war der Sohn des Lucius Aelius Caesar, eines Mannes aus der Umgebung des Kaisers Hadrian, und dessen Frau Avidia. Lucilla and Lucius Verus had three children: Aurelia Lucilla was born in 165 in Antioch Lucius then dropped the name Commodus and assumed Marcus’s original cognomen of Verus. In 168, as Verus and Marcus Aurelius returned to Rome from the field, Verus fell ill with symptoms attributed to food poisoning, dying after a few days (169). In the final years of the Pax Romana, a period of almost two centuries of relative peace and … 161 – 169Lucius Verus(Lucius Aurelius Verus) Lucius était le fils de cet Ælius César (de son vrai nom Lucius Ceionnius Commodus) qu’Hadrien avait adopté en 136 pour en faire son successeur et qui mourut de tuberculose deux ans plus tard. Unfortunately, she became involved in a plot against her brother, the Emperor Commodus (Marcus' son), and was exiled and later executed. We are now World History Encyclopedia to better reflect the breadth of our non-profit organization's mission. Marcus became, in official titulature, Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus; Lucius, forgoing his name Commodus and taking Marcus' family name, Verus, became Imperator Caesar Lucius Aurelius Verus Augustus. Lucius Verus was an emperor of the Roman Empire in the second century who, along with his adoptive brother Marcus Aurelius, was the first co-emperor of Rome from 161 to 169. Il est d'une fa… The war against the Parthians would serve as a prelude for their move against the Germanic tribes to the north.